Different Types of Language Teaching Perspectives and Methods

Structuralist Perspective

·         Argues that language is a systematic framework of codes, signs, symbols and meaning. Thus, for the language to be acquired, it should be scientifically dissected and objectively studied.

Behaviorist Perspective

·         Argues that our brain is a ‘tabula rasa’ or completely empty, void of any language learning, which means learners acquire language unconsciously through operant conditioning and habit formation or from imitation, to reinforcement and finally acquiring language.

Cognitivist Perspective

·         Argues that acquired language learning is present in learners’ brains and that innately stationed cognitive processors play a very significant role in producing words, constructing sentences, and conveying meanings through this acquired learning which is used generally in actual communication or performance.

Constructivist Perspective

·         Argues that the moment we are born, mental structure is hereditarily inherited, which is considered as the basic foundation of all succeeding learning, and developed over time through assimilating and accommodating new language information.

Social Interactionist Perspective

·         Argues that language acquisition is a collaborative process in which learning from social interactions integrates with the knowledge already stored in language learners mental structure.

Which of these language teaching perspectives and methods do you agree most and why?

            I concur to the proposition of ‘Constructivist Perspective’ because I believe that mental structure is born with us and subsequently developed through assimilating and accommodating inputs throughout our daily experiences. Moreover, it is my belief that mental structure is frailly filled with information fed by the lullabies of our mothers, the constant greetings from our fathers and the voices of our surroundings even since we are growing inside our mothers’ womb. This is proven by our behaviors such as coos, cries and smiles---when we were babies, that we unconsciously understand and we respond in return.

Therefore, this less developed knowledge is basically the very foundation of all cognitive processes, which means that it would be a whole lot difficult to accommodate new inputs and information without it.